Mobile Scenes: An mHealth Program For & By Youth!

mCenas! is, at its core, for and by the young people of Mozambique. The USAID-funded project engages youth on a medium they know and love—mobile phones—to provide information about sexual and reproductive health.

mCenas! delivers role model stories and informational text messages to youth via SMS to answer questions about sex and contraception. The stories are written using text message slang similar to that used by the young people themselves.

The text messages are tailored to groups facing different challenges—those with children and those without. Parenting youth are often pressured to have more children while non-parenting youth face stigma around using contraception in the first place.

But Pathfinder realizes text messages alone can't provide youth with all the sexual and reproductive health services they need. Beyond the SMS campaign are peer educators and Pathfinder-supported clinics that cater to young people's unique needs.

Want to learn more about mCenas! and the unique approach Pathfinder is using to reach youth in Mozambique? Visit our project page.

Pathfinder’s “mCenas!” is a first for Mozambique—a text message education campaign that provides contraceptive information to youth (15-24 years old). This week, Marion McNabb, Pathfinder’s Senior Project Manager for mHealth, shared why she believes mCenas! is worth the exclamation point.

What are some of the issues young people face in Mozambique?
They face pregnancy at an early age and low uptake of contraception. For two decades, Pathfinder has worked with young people in Mozambique, and we recognize the barriers they face when trying to access contraceptives.

Within our ESD/Family Planning Initiative project, we realized knowledge—about contraceptive methods and where to get them—is one of the major issues. We knew we needed to focus on youth to make sure they not only have information, but that they get it in a way that makes the most sense to them.

So what method of delivering info makes youth most receptive?
Narrative stories. Pathfinder has adapted an approach suggested by FHI 360 to send youth informational messages and engaging narrative stories via text message. We call it “mCenas!” which means “Mobile Scenes” in Portuguese. The stories at the heart of the project are not only targeted for youth. They are shaped by them.

We use a lot of acronyms, a lot of smiley faces; the way the youth talk to each other over text. We’ve piloted this with youth to make sure this is the way they communicate with their peers.How are the stories shaped by youth?
Pathfinder held 15 small group sessions in Inhambane and Maputo with young women and men, using our Pathways to Change methodology. Pathways to Change is a tool—a kind of board game—that helps young people identify barriers they might experience when seeking to use contraception.

What were some of the barriers? Are they different for youth in urban versus rural areas?
Actually, we found out that the biggest differences didn’t have to do with where the youth live, or even their gender, but whether or not young people have children themselves.

Youth who are pregnant or have children said that they felt challenged by in-laws to produce more children quickly. But those without children expressed a very different fear—that if they were seen at a clinic trying to get contraceptives, their families would know they are sexually active. And both groups made it clear that a lack of correct information about contraceptive methods—lots of myths and misconceptions—stood in their way.

So after a team of experts (in adolescent and youth sexual and reproductive health) analyzed these results, our team in Mozambique hired a scriptwriter who specializes in local youth texting slang. This writer crafted two different stories, designed to address the needs of these two target youth groups.

How do young women and men opt in to mCenas? How do they actually see these stories on their phones?
That’s where the activistas come in. Activistas are young peer educators, trained through Pathfinder’s ESD/FPI project to do interpersonal communication at different health fairs and events. Their job is to raise awareness among youth. Activistas also link young people to youth-friendly sexual and reproductive health services. Now we are training these activistas to introduce their peers to mCenas! and ask them if they want to receive stories and health information via text message on their phone.

Once they opt in, how often will youth receive these text messages?
Every three days—Wednesday, Friday, and Saturday evenings—the client will receive a new installment about the story, written in short-hand youth vernacular they are used to, like “LOL.” We use a lot of acronyms, a lot of smiley faces; the way the youth talk to each other over text. We’ve piloted this with youth to make sure this is the way they communicate with their peers.

Is there an interactive element to this, or do they simply receive texts?
Definitely interactive. At some points in the story, we want to assess their engagement. So a couple of weeks in, we will send them a message that says “Hey, do you like this story? Reply ‘1’ if you find it interesting, ‘2’ if you find it boring.”

There are other ways they can interact with the system. When a character in the story starts talking about IUDs, the client will receive a message that says, “OK, if you’d like to learn more about IUD, reply ‘1.’” If they do, they will receive an informational message about IUD. The same goes for a variety of other methods and topics.

Also, at any time, they will have the ability to access a menu, which basically says, “Hey, if you’d like to learn more about family planning, reply ‘1.’ If you’d like to learn more about other sexual and reproductive health, reply ‘2.’” They can continue to learn more at any time.

OK, that is interactive. But what if youth want to interact with an actual person?
While mCenas! is an automated text messaging system, we frequently send youth a phone number to a call-in center—a government-run hotline—where live people answer questions related to contraception, HIV, and more. Pathfinder actually trained the hotline operators on contraception (previously, they only provided info on HIV and AIDS). We worked with them to establish a full list of facilities that provide youth-friendly services, so if someone asks, “Where can I get contraception services?” the operator is able to guide them.

So it sounds like mCenas! is not a standalone service.
Pathfinder is not interested in doing mobile health interventions as a silo. We understand text messages alone cannot change behaviors. So in Mozambique, we make sure the activistas know key messages and plots from the stories to use in their interpersonal one-on-one conversations with clients. And we are even thinking about how they can develop dramas based around the narratives for youth to perform.

It sounds like there is a lot to look forward to.
We are carefully documenting this process. It’s been a year in the making, and we are very excited!

Maren Vespia

Maren Vespia

Maren Vespia is Pathfinder's Communications Specialist.

Leave a Comment

* Change

Comments

On top of cheap ray bans , no other rapper was personally co-signing Public School, Thom Browne, Bottega Veneta, and Gareth Pugh—especially not in 2007 and 2008. A dig into the cheap ray ban sunglasses archives quickly proves that Kanye knew of labels and brands that would later become some of the most popular in hip-hop. Tom Ford. Yves Saint Laurent (now Saint Laurent Paris). Maison Martin Margiela. Givenchy. Balenciaga. Acne. Before these labels were ray ban outlet household names in lyrics, Yeezy was geeking out over them all.
supra pas cher July 19, 2014
On top of cheap ray bans , no other rapper was personally co-signing Public School, Thom Browne, Bottega Veneta, and Gareth Pugh—especially not in 2007 and 2008. A dig into the cheap ray ban sunglasses archives quickly proves that Kanye knew of labels and brands that would later become some of the most popular in hip-hop. Tom Ford. Yves Saint Laurent (now Saint Laurent Paris). Maison Martin Margiela. Givenchy. Balenciaga. Acne. Before these labels were ray ban outlet household names in lyrics, Yeezy was geeking out over them all.
supra pas cher July 19, 2014
Part of the victorias secret uk answer is in making the brand more—not less—central. In a hyper-transparent digital world, consumers instantly know the difference between what a company says and what it does. Organizations can no longer draw clear lines between victoria secret uk online marketing and product development, between communications and services. Brand builders must embed themselves across the customer value chain. Products and services must be able to tell a story and communicate value without an extra advertising layer on top. As information is more and more available and the importance of victoria secret uk online store increases, the ability to tell a meaningful story through actions and products, not words, is the only way to win.
supra pas cher July 19, 2014
SmarterTrack provides companies with global operations are two methods for providing Knowledge Base articles in several languages??: Companies can write articles in the desired language (ie English, Spanish, French, etc) and to link these separate articles together. When different version of the article together, SmarterTrack will recognize that all articles are essentially the same; they are only written in different languages??. Companies can use a supported translation API automatically translate Knowledge Base article language specified by the user. Both options have their advantages. For example, hand-writing each translation offers more precision, while using a supported API translate quickly and effortlessly provides many translations. Companies should select the translation that best suits their business needs. SmarterTrack can automatically translate Knowledge Base articles by Microsoft Translator or Google Translate. Both translation services have their advantages and disadvantages, so administrators will need to select the service that best suits their business needs. Because both Microsoft and Google to charge a fee for their translation, SmarterTrack will track how many characters and asking your server is trying to translate help in managing the costs of translating subscription. I watched every one of Crisp's stolen base attempts in 2012 in an effort to find out. My original plan was to write descriptions of each attempt, and the timing of the pitcher and the catcher, and then assign blame to slow the battery. However, when I finished the final examination Crisp 10 stolen bases on the year (I worked backwards), it was clear that the catcher is rarely to blame. Opposing backstops managed to throw only three of those final 10 steals, leaving Crisp to hover your finger over seven bags without challenge. On the season, Crisp stole 20 of his 39 free throws bases, including four double-steal situations. As part of the audit process, I louisvuitton--outletstore kept track of several variables with the throw. Most especially, I filed a trigger on each attempt. If Crisp off before the pitcher began his delivery, it is usually after a glance or two, so I took it as Crisp runs on appearance. If the pitcher has started delivering to time Crisp off, then fell as Crisp running in motion. When Coco Crisp stepped to the plate last season, a walk-up song "Who Gon Stop Me." The choir served as a legitimate question when Crisp reached base. Not many have shown the ability to stop Crisp in the last few seasons. He went 39-for-43 on stolen base attempts in 2012, pushing the total of three years for 120 steals in 136 attempts. This is a 88 percent success rate at 45 attempts per season. None of the six other players with at least 45 attempts since 2010 managed more than 83 percent of the time. Rickey Henderson never had three years the rate of more than 86 percent throughout his career. The highest level of performance baseball tend to have impressive streaks built in Crisp's basestealing in recent years has two noteworthy. From July 10, 2011, to 21 June, 2012, Crisp stole 36 consecutive bases without fault. Ignore pickoffs and Crisp is a series of creeps in August 2012 and encompasses 15 steals. (The only catcher to stop Crisp in 2012 was Jose Lobaton.) Those high level of performance left us confused and curious. How is it that Crisp-who had a career 74 percent success rate by the year 2010 has turned into the league's most efficient and prolific thief? Is this the Billy Hamilton like speed, or Henderson-like sense and pride * or something else? External image shows Lincecum after completing one look at Crisp. While Lincecum staring at the board, begins his delivery, Crisp was enthusiastic to third. By the time the court is crossing panels, interior images, Crisp is about three quarters of the way down to the base. Ivan Rodriguez at best to maintain the ball. The kicker is that Lincecum knew Sharp was running in the mood because he stole second before the court. Even with this knowledge, Lincecum could not stop it or make it a close game. Sharp not only succeeds when the pitcher neglected to look back at him. He feeds patterns. There have been instances this season where pitchers throw over, throw a fake, he departed, and offer louis vuitton outlet multiple views before submitting the ground. Sharp to soak this information, along with the position of shortstop or second base, and then make your decision to start later in the-bat. Crisp confidence in their reading is such that it is off to Rafael Betancourt after a fake pickoff And the result left the bug to show the importance of the situation. Sharp they heard that he was caught stealing, and A would be doomed if Sharp has made the second out. However, Crisp trust myself and took off. And not only is the transfer bag, he did it without a throw. He hit the goal trail alignment for the sacrifice fly later in the at-bat. Who should get credit for Crisp stolen bases genius? It is unclear whether it is a good Guesser, good video scout, or a good reader who has used his team obviously uber-detailed scouting reports. It is most likely a mixture of all three. Sharp seems to have an advanced sense of reading movement carafe and identify when the pitcher takes his attention away from preventing a stolen base for throwing his field. Whether it comes from a study skills or attention to the front office does not matter. Although the genesis of Crisp's brilliance is unknown, his Kryptonite is clear: three of his four caught stealings were on pickoffs by levoruke throwers, and every time the pitcher uses his head in such a way that it is wrong. First, Clayton Kershaw turned his head toward home plate, and stepping and throwing to first base. Sharp turn off the head and was caught at second. Then Charlie Furbush escaped with head-nod before starting his delivery, this move brought Crisp to start his attempt, and the sailors were able to highlight it. Boone Logan Crisp picked off twice in the same at-bat, though the speedster beat the trouble to go back to first safely for the first time. A few pitches later, Logan again got Crisp, when used Kershaw head-fake: ALMOST DAWN Yosemite and sharp June air crackled with ice cold. On top of eerie summit of El Capitan, the most famous peak of the park, BASE jumper Frank Gambalie knelt by western precipice, slightly trembling. Yosemite Valley lies 3,600 feet below, in slices of the Merced River and wrapped in velvet darkness. Gambalie staring into the abyss, and then tied to a short length of climbing rope, he belayed down several feet while kate spade outlet he hung back off the face of the wall. He pulled the stone out of his pocket and dropped it after its trajectory, calculating fall rates against the wind. He repeated the experiment several times. Then he pulled back on the summit. In minutes, Gambalie would jump out of this place, plunging nearly a third of a mile and speeds up the heart-stopping 120 kilometers per hour before setting up his parachute 1,500 feet above the valley. He BASE jumped from the east face of El Cap more than a dozen times, but the western, or Salathe, face a greater challenge. To avoid spanking side of the wall, I had to clean a large boulder protruding 100 meters below the summit, and then immediately set sail. Gambalie made ??this one jump - the only person to do so. With a friend called Andy West help Gambalie done at the last minute equipment check. He walked to and fro from the edge, surface everywhere. Finally, as the first low light touched off the northern peaks of the valley, approached the edge, enjoying those last seconds before on what he called his "moment of commitment." "Fly like a beagle, brother," West joked, as Gambalie blesnu thumbs-up. Then, taking three steps forward, he rounded chicken-head invalid granite: move, chest high, come back slightly arched. Frank Gambalie began its decline. Even among the extreme world of the hardest-core, BASE jumping - the acronym stands for building, antenna, span and earth - the only sport that can go too far. Regular practice only 1,500 people worldwide - mostly experienced parachutists - BASE jumping is claimed up to 40 lives in the past two decades. Although technically not illegal, authorities believe BASE, or "object", jumping misuse of public space, as well as the techniques used to access the jumpers starting point - sneaking over the walls, jumping fences, climbing scaffolding - amounts intrusion. The sport is officially banned in all 55 national parks in this country. Penalties vary, but the culprits were rarely receive more than a moderate fine. Yosemite, the jewel of the national park system, is different. With its high granite peaks and open grassy meadows, the park is by far the most famous BASE jumping site in the United States. Since 1979, an estimated 6,000 illegal jumps occurred there, six of them ending in death. In the park, not surprisingly, was not satisfied with his popularity, which is why the chanelfactoryoutletstore.us.com BASE jumpers are prosecuted to the full extent the law: fines as high as $ 5,000 and forfeiture rate, even $ 2,000 loss. Start of Rangers and face up to six months in jail. Many jumpers are locked for at least one night. Image is everything to Yosemite, and the park's image has suffered a series of strokes in recent years. During the 90s, brush fires, landslides and flooding forced the closure of several parks. Then, in February, burnt and mutilated bodies of three women tourists were found in the penalty area park, crashes news networks and led to one of the largest manhunts in the history of Mariposa County. And on July 22, decapitated body naturalist Joie Ruth Armstrong was found near her isolated cabin deep in the park. It is 15 days after the lifeless, algae-covered body Frank Gambalie is pulled from Merced River. At 28, Frank Gambalie III was one of the best BASE jumpers in the world. He was fearless, ready to jump to any object: alpine cliff, 800 feet high bridge, a Gothic cathedral, and even New York City's Chrysler Building. Known for its daring aerial maneuvers, Gambalie adds glamor sport previously defined as much for its secrecy and for risk. Darkly handsome, with olive skin, a shock of black hair and constant gleam in his eye, Gambalie figure adorned pages of great climbing and skydiving magazines. His fluid, athletic stunts are featured in Warren Miller ski films high gloss. Raised in blue-collar suburb of Antioch in the East Bay of San Francisco, the Gambalie (pronounced gam-BAL-ee) moved restlessly through the early years. Friends talk about his "life wish", and the constant desire to push the boundaries. He lived a special code, even as a teenager. "When Frank care about something, he's better than anyone else, but if he does not care, he just does not matter," said his father, Frank Jr., foreman at Shell Bay Area vegetable oils. "Everything had to be Frank's sense." One avid skier, skater and a bungee jumper, Gambalie graduated from high school in 1989 and moved through a series of odd jobs, eventually gravitate life more convenient for its high-octane passion. In 1992, he moved to Lake Tahoe, where he settled in the close community of rock rats, snowboarders and bungee jumpers in Squaw Valley. He rose to the upper echelon of bungee circuits within a year, but by 1993 was again looking to push the kate spade edge. "It was almost by accident that Frank discovered BASE" says Gambalie former roommate, Jim Fritsch. "We just watched a ski movie one day, and suddenly here's this guy with a parachute on his back skiing off a huge cliff. Frank was completely blown off it. Was like, 'Bing!' A huge light in his head. " As with all other sports, Gambalie threw in BASE jumping, no matter what sport a basic rule: that beginners should be experienced skydivers. "Frank has made ten parachute tops, but he does not believe in going slow," says Gambalie mentor, California BASE jumper Adam Filippino. "He's like a sponge. He absorbed everything he taught and led to her." Gambalie's innovative style sets it apart from other divers, as well as his passion for pioneering touted jumps from places previously considered unjumpable. "Being deceitful is the fun part for Frank. Whether as a mission," says his friend Tom Cooke. By incorporating acrobatics in sport for the first time, Gambalie BASE stunned the world with his triple and quadruple winners, appear to BASE events like Bridge Day, a legal contest is held every year in West Virginia. By 1995, he became the unofficial Gambalie savage BASE. But his brashness come at a price. The Hollywood stunt world closed ranks. "Most professional BASE jumpers work in movies and commercials," says Fritsch. "But it's tight circle, and they froze it." So Gambalie carved a niche in which there is no jumper gone before, into the lucrative world of corporate sponsorship. Armed with a demo reel, Gambalie made ??the rounds of adventure-sports fairs, offering their talents BASE mode wizard-kid cyber-entrepreneur can push his latest start-up. "Frank transport yourself better than anyone I've ever seen," says Filippino, a leading designer BASE equipment. "It was a terrific A sales rep would pop in Frank lane and suddenly, there was Frank doing all this great stuff - .. And he uses the equipment of competitors' Filippino laughs. "Obviously you want to steal some of that for myself." By early 1999 Gambalie they bring in at least a dozen of the most sponsorship in adventure sports, including Oakley, Obermeyer, K2, Nike and Red Bull. But for all his success, he continued to be tested against all major way. However, if Gambalie is compelled to attack deaths, he constructed each jump minimize your risk. Among the hundreds of hours of video footage Gambalie, there is footage from the TV show called new balance shoes for men "extremists" where Gambalie, dressed in a shirt and shorts, overshadowing the 850-meter-high bridge in northern California. As techno hurt in the background, Gambalie jumps backwards, spinning like a gyroscope and perform multiple flips before popping his parachute. A series of brazen, almost recklessly. But Gambalie calm. "I can handle the jump, jump you can control," he says, on Earth, dark eyes staring unblinking at the camera. "It is the government can not control the catch -. This is what scares me." "Go and run" philosophy has been observed in the BASE of the sport began in the late 70s. The ethos is particularly strong in Yosemite, where the Rangers have a reputation for zealously tracking jumpers. Tales parties sparse, searched vehicles and climbers spied constitute Canon constantly growing anti-Ranger paranoia. The recent death of world-class mountaineers Dan Osman adds especially sad chapter. One extreme sports icon and close friend Gambalie is Osman pioneer dangerous - some would say crazy - jumping rope sport: swinging unbelievable heights by climbing a firm leash on a piece of rock. In November 1998, Osman died in Yosemite after one of his rope snapped during a jump from rock pillars known as the Leaning Tower. Household and BASE jumpers accuse Rangers of "killed" Osman, who spent two weeks before his death in Yosemite prison on various misdemeanor charges. Friends say he got out of confinement badly shaken. They insist Osman was mistreated while in custody, which shook confidence and led him to a critical error in judgment, the most dramatic of his decision to use ropes that are weakened by exposure to a month in the sun and snow. Yosemite authorities deny allegations of abuse, but "the charges" still speaks to the tension between the counterculture and its inhabitants Park Rangers. "Bottom line, there is an aversion us in Yosemite," says Filippino. "It's not a rule, it is a bitter relationship that has been built for so many years." Dan Horner, a special agent in Yosemite, begs to differ. "These guys that get yucks hiding in the forest waiting to be caught," he says. "But we do not have the time, let alone money for overtime, for that." In fact, he argues, Rangers actually catch only 5% of divers each year. Anyway, enough Gambalie jumped in Yosemite to know that he does not want to be among that 5%. And he stayed under the radar until Uthman's death. In contact with Osman louis vuitton over a mobile phone while his friend a fatal fall, Gambalie raced to the park and stayed with the body until rescuers managed to get there. But he feared his heroism has raised its profile among park officials. "Frank was concerned that the Rangers could try to make an example of him, if he was ever caught," says his mother, Ricci Mescola. "Especially after hearing all the stories about how they mistreated Dano." But although Gambalie achieved celebrity status in Yosemite, not distract him from jumping. "Frank was never caught up in Yosemite and it should never be," says hikers and Gambalie friend Dean Fidelman. "And you know, Frank was confident 'No way are we," he would say,' Let me chase - I'll just laugh in your face and jump in the river. ".." Rising 7,569 meters above sea level, El Capitan Everest jump sites. Towering monolithically at the entrance to Yosemite Valley, the transverse dramatically, allowing divers to navigate away from the rock to 18 seconds - a very long freefall - before pulling his release. And the meadows below offers a comfortable drop zone, El Cap is irresistible to divers. So it was that Gambalie, the Salathe face most of all. The Salathe is one of the highest sheer rock in the continental United States, and of its pioneering first jump in 1998 Gambalie dreamed encore. Morning of the 8th Jun, 1999, he got into his blue Subaru wagon and drove to Yosemite, ready to jump again. It was the first time Gambalie returned to the park because Osman died seven months ago. "He was a little scared right after Dano died," says West, who agreed to meet Gambalie at the top of El Cap in the afternoon. "That was weird.'ve Never seen Frankie says he was afraid of anything." Although he was a friend jump Gambalie for years, the West has not seen him for months. Gambalie spent most of the year working on films for sponsors, and it seemed that the West is that his friend has changed. "I remember thinking it was ripe," says West. "He's like a real man - you can tell from the handshake, even a handshake was strong." Gambalie was eager to show the West point of launch, and two walked together toward the precipice. The group of hikers was hanging near the western edge of the face. one, Scott Burk, was a well-known big wall climber who kate spade bags recently became one of the six people successfully free solo of the nose, the highest point in El Cap's. Burk climbing in Yosemite since 1981 and knew most of the BASE guys. "BASE jumpers are simply not like other people," says Burk. "They are like drug addicts, the way some of them operate. The cat-and-mouse with the Rangers was part of it." West was suspicious of Burk, believing that he was the one who tipped off rangers when I was arrested after jumping West 1997 West El Cap is not even supposed to be close to the BASE jumpers.; He is still on trial. Gambalie spent an hour with Burk and other climbers, and then joined the West in their camp after dark. Besides Gambalie and West, Burk and friend were the only people who kampuju on top that night. The sky was not exactly light on 9 June, when Gambalie woke up just before 5:00 Ten minutes later he jumped, thus projecting rock just below the launch and fly away from the wall. He dropped to eight, nine, 10 seconds, disappeared from the West look at three, and then re-appeared, and continues to fall. Finally, after 16 seconds, West heard the crack opening parachute Gambalie and saw his friend, a blot on the horizon, floating toward the valley. Gambalie slid to the west and to the woodshed times, and then suddenly turned almost 180 degrees and zigzagged east, finally landing across from the turnout at the westernmost edge of the meadow El Cap. It was, says West, a clean jump she had ever seen. And then West saw a set of headlights approach the landing area, blinking several times. He assumed that it belonged to a curious passerby. He waited a few minutes, and then returned to the camp to organize your equipment. He turned on the cell phone; named below to arrange a meeting is standard operating procedure after each jump. But Gambalie never called. Strangely, the West thought, but Frank is on the phone so much, maybe the battery died. Or maybe the phone down. You might as well head down, West said that he finished packing, Frank will call when he can. Then, tape the package, he began the long hike back to the valley. It was mid-October at El Cap meadow, just off Northside Drive, about 50 meters from where Frank Gambalie landed on the morning of June 9. Twenty meters south, louisvuittonsunglassess.net deep meadow grass turns into a forest, which in turn leads to a bank in Merced River. In the fall, the river is shallow and less than 100 meters across. But in June, Merced is more than six feet deep, raging with 40 degrees of melting snow. Water at this temperature shock body like lightning, sucking his strength before you have time to react. At top speed - about 8 mph - power and volume of the river can trap body within its rush and sweep it downstream. Gambalie landed at the southwestern end of the meadow, and almost immediately Rangers poured it from two directions. He could have given up. Instead, he lowered his parachute, he turned and, as the Rangers reported, blesnu smile. Then he ran into the woods, according to Merced. Later, he made a lot of decisions Gambalie's. It seemed suicidal, almost absurd, for someone known for his meticulousness. "The river is a seasonal escape," says West. "You use it when it is low, after August. Never in peak season. Frank did not know that. Was so good at evading, I doubt I ever thought I would need. If you ask me, he was in a hurry to get to the top before dark, and he slipped on the prep work. " Approaching the right bank, in the area known as the Ribbon Creek, Gambalie threw the rest of your rig, and with an evil smile, he took the Rangers, diving headfirst into the river. The surface was smooth and glassy where he entered, but a little further down the large boulders blocking the rest of the Merced views. To see Gambalie next to Boulder he would have realized that immediately after, fed directly into the river rapids language. As he started to swim across, towards achieving the Rangers, Gambalie paddles grew more urgent. He tried to swim upstream, struggling against the current that pulled him further downstream. Nearing Boulder, Gambalie body went across to the rapids. Rangers watched from the shore as he disappeared behind a rock. It is possible that Gambalie is pushed under as he walked around the rock. It is also possible that, with the heat and strain the jump Chase, hypothermia set in well before he was caught by a rock unconscious. What is known is that the force of the river, made ??of aerated swirl of white water, keep it tucked under within a few seconds of Chanel Outlet his hitting rapids churned around him like a washing machine. Obstruction in the river, such as rock, increases the pressure even more. If there is a gap under a rock, a person can easily be tucked under and pinned there. Divers call it "strainer." It is, apparently, is what happened Gambalie. For the next month, his body lay submerged in the icy waters Merced to Yosemite divers finally found on July 7, three soccer fields, from where he went in. Until then, Gambalie had dark hair and eyes have lost their color, and his skin, well-preserved in the cold, began to separate from his body. "It was his fatal mistake, not knowing about the rapids," says Jeff Follett, rescue diver who discovered the body. "If he'd gone to a quarter mile upstream, he would have made it. But people drown in Merced even in flat water. Jumps in the river's stupid to do at any moment, any time of year." Initially Gambalie disappearance was treated as a criminal incident. Frightened, West left the park. "I just assumed Frank was not called because his phone was wet or something," he says. "I knew I did not want to be part of this, whatever it was. Did not want to be in jail." From his home near Los Angeles, West waited for word. Several hours passed, and then one day. So far, he is convinced something went wrong, West called Filippino, crying. Filippino never heard West so upset. However, he thought of his desire to invite friends Gambalie mom was premature. But when Gambalie voice mail is full, Filippino knew. "Somewhere in there, I knew it was not there." Rumors circulated around the BASE community: Frank jumped out of the country; injured, perhaps, in the woods; had amnesia. "Nobody believes that to die in the river," says Lottie Aston, Gambalie girl. "If someone would not have survived that is said to Frank. Everyone who knew him knew that. Frank got away with everything." When his body was found, rumors have been replaced by questions. What really happened that morning of 9 June? Yes overzealous Rangers pressure Gambalie in bad decisions? And who warned the Rangers? Is that Burk? (He says no.) One of his friends? Is it fear of being caught that drove Gambalie to the river? Or is this belief in its indestructibility, believing that showed something so many times before? "Frank had an unbeatable view of life," Coach Outlet says Filippino. "" I will die for this - but this time it will not happen to me .. "" The official accident report states the cause of death of the park as a result of accidental drowning fleeing illegal parachute jump. Shortly after Gambalie disappearance, his father met with the Rangers. "I told them, look, my son has broken the law, he made a bad decision. But there is something wrong with all this. Law is designed to protect people, not to them where they feel they have no choice." But, of course, Gambalie had no choice. "Frank was not worried about losing their platform," says West. "He has not paid one in years." And although Osman alleged abuse may have been forced to the edge, at least one who knew his case Gambalie different thoughts. "Frank had a record of maintenance," says Kevin Thaw December hikers and Gambalie friend. Thaw believes that the Rangers had even stopped looking, Gambalie be kept running. "It was a game to him, all of this," says Thaw. "And Frank loved the game." Last October 22, the event was held in honor of Frank at Yosemite in protest against the ban BASE jumping. Five jumpers were supposed to take off from El Cap, with rangers on hand to cite them and seize equipment. More than 100 spectators watched as the first jumper stepped to the edge and jump. The other two followed. Then stepped up fourth, committed and fell. I constantly fall. The crowd grew silent as a jumper, an expert skydiver and stunt woman named Jan Davis, struggled to find release on her borrowed rig. But it was too late. Her body hit the cliff base, sending a booming echo off the rocks that roars across the valley, soul-crunching noise. Human error, not equipment malfunction, caused the accident. "It would have jumped Jan without 100% safety with her equipment is unheard of," says BASE equipment manufacturer Martin Tilley. "Know your equipment. This is given in BASE jumping." It was a terrible shame for the park, another disaster in the already disastrous PR year. All talk of legalization BASE jumping in Yosemite is stopped. Ironically, Davis dies while jumping in Gambalie name has not escaped your friends. "Frank is probably rolling in his grave," says West. "He was a total pro, and someone who does not live up to his standard, well, it's not appreciated. And do not forget that louisvuitton-lvpurses.com he made ??his leap, and it's a nice jump as I have ever seen. The Revolutionary War was a rebellion against the British, but first needed a battle between Tories and Patriots. Ted Cruz fights for the honor of leading the conservative movement. The main goal is to be the voice of the American people, the victory of the Democratic Party, and take Congress and the White House, so that we can reduce our federal government back to constitutional limits. At the moment the battle is ObamaCare. But first opponent who must be defeated Republican establishment. Is it any wonder that the Republican leadership in order to make sure the defunding effort not? Ted Cruz prika?uju his ambitions for large real Tea Party Presents: Conservatives really fed up with both parties in Washington, DC Republican base allowed Obama to be re-elected, when an estimated five million were left at home in the elections 2012th It may not be wise, but it happened for a very good reason: they did not see the Republican Party to represent them. DC establishment, and that includes the party, doing very well, thank you. In the suburbs around Washington were the richest in the nation. They and their families are untouchable for the economic collapse of Obama. A huge government spending a quarter of the wealth of our nation, with nearly half of the population depends on their generosity, good for them. It's not good for us. Republican leaders want to defeat ObamaCare, but mainly want to use it as a talking point of the campaign to return to power. They are not ready to fight with all their hearts and minds to protect the American people from this disaster. It might be risky. It may not play well in the polls this week. It might not be good for them letting it go through, and then complain in 2014 and in 2016. Republicans have ignored the will of the voters for a long time. They ignore their base and ratcheted up the national debt by President Bush. Instead of slinking further into shame to lose the base, Karl Rove is as powerful as ever, struggling Cruz pages of the Wall Street Journal and every TV station can be used to push the status quo. Republican elites fought desire base to stop illegal immigration. They were happy when the Tea Party Revolution surrendered control of the House in 2010, then turned around Michael Kors and bad mouth us as fanatics and incompetent who did not also win the Senate. Interestingly, Republican Party Chairman Priebus reincite establishment is one leader who does get it, perhaps because he is the guy who has to get out the vote in the next election. Priebus published a brief piece today entitled "In a battle between Ted Cruz and Harry Reid, we must stand with Senator Cruz." The Senate leadership is not listening. Ted Cruz knows something the establishment does not. The Tea Party is a genuine populist uprising. This government is not an elite tyranny yet. People do have power when they pick up the phone or e-mail their senators and congressmen. Commentators keep talking about Cruz not working with McConnell and Cornyn, as if he is a lone wolf. Cruz is not a lone wolf. He is a man of the people. Cruz is appealing over McConnell's and Boehner's heads, listening and talking directly to the voters.Everyone said he could not get the House to attach defunding to the continuing resolution.So Cruz did not try to convince the speaker and his complacent, pusillanimous followers.He went on TV, he took out ads, he ran an internet petition, and he called for people to fight.They responded.They're hungry to fight.People are fighting for their health care, their jobs, for control over their own lives.A million and a half people signed Cruz's petition.Thousands of phone calls from angry constituents followed, and all the talk of how it couldn't be done disappeared overnight. The same thing could happen in the Senate. It will be decided not by Cruz, not by the establishment pundits, and certainly not by the Senate leadership. It will be decided by the conservative Republican base plus Democrat voters frightened enough of ObamaCare Louis Vuitton Handbags outlet to call their senators. October 1 is not just the potential start of a government shutdown; it is the roll-out of ObamaCare. We keep being told about polls showing that people don't want a government shutdown. What will voters be more upset with: losing their insurance, paying more for their insurance, losing access to their doctors, losing their full-time hours or worse, losing their jobs -- or a partial government shutdown? Is it impossible to unite Republican senators to vote against cloture and then turn five Democrat senators to vote against funding ObamaCare? It all depends on how many voters pick up the phone. (Scroll down here to get a list of senators' phone numbers.) It is not out of the reach of ordinary people to overturn the ObamaCare disaster. Same question here. I would like to assign Knowledge BAse rights besed on Organizations! The reason is, that I want the users of those organizations watch into the KB first instead of calling me. By inserting articles into the KB based on the customers infrastructure I don't want customers to see infrastructure details from each other. I am thinking of buying Kayako because of the knowledge base. And creating user groups for every Organization and then add every employee to the user group is not applicable because the employees can sign in by themselves and I don't want to assign user group all the time by hand.
Coach Factory July 15, 2014
@replica Louis Vuitton bags. Indulge your passion for luxury with our Louis Vuitton replica handbags, Louis Louis Vuitton Handbags Vuitton Monogram fake kate spade new york handbags and Kate Spade New York Imitations of the coach outlet store original will come Louis Vuitton true in this barbour sale discount sale! As coach factory outlet store long as you Louis Vuitton Outlet Online join this LOUIS Authentic Louis Vuitton VUITTON Sell katespade.com ??discount, you'll LOUIS kate spade outlet VUITTON products you Cheap Louis Vuitton love, finally have! cheap louis vuitton bags UK wholesale Louis Louis Vuitton Bag distinctive and stylish official coach outlet style, Louis LV outlet Vuitton handbags are Michael Kors Outlet Store actually marketed throughout barbour factory outlet store the world. Types louis vuitton handbags of forms of Louis Vuitton Outlet Louis Vuitton handbags, chanel bags such as Kate Spade Bags as shoulder bags, Louis Vuitton handbags, you should be familiar with the ideas, keep them clean and Michael Kors Outlet again. Earliest, you should buy a high quality detergent, never allowed the oil drop Louis Vuitton Handbags chanel factory outlet is gained chanel handbags much popularity because michael kors bags online sale of its sophistication Michael Kors Outlet Handbags and style. Louis kate spade bags Vuitton handbags are Kate Spade Outlet a secret desire coach outlet online of every Louis Vuitton Sale Woman. You are Michael Kors Outlet Online willing to Maximum coach outlet store online customer at a Louis Vuitton Bags Louis Vuitton sale LV Purses are women, so kate spade bags that a wide Coach outlet online range of women michael kors handbags are displayed barbour jacket in Louis Louis Vuitton Vuitton sale. There Chanel Bags is no need Louis vuitton outlet for a person Louis Vuitton Outlet Handbags to go into Louis vuitton Outlet
Michael Kors June 5, 2014
The pleasure of employing a phone with a situation that speaks within your type is priceless.I am a fan on distinctive luxury designer instances and my latest collection about them are definitely the Designer iPhone 5 Situation and Designer Macbook Conditions. The aren't so lots of products within the macbook cases but a lot in the circumstances for iPhone 5. Burberry iPad 3 Case Hermes iPad 3 Case Michael Kors iPad 3 Case
iphone5case May 27, 2014
Regardless of whether your single or your partner is having problems getting an erection, Jasmine Live Sex the need for filling your vagina with a penis will always be there. The great thing is, regardless of either of these situations, it is possible to have your sexual urges taken care of without a man's penis.
Jasmine Live Sex May 18, 2014
This is my first visit on this site http://e-brokerforex.com/money-exchange-rate/ and i found it very informative as you have provided here in this post. you need informations about I would like to be a part of this site for collecting some more info. I have bookmark this page and after work I read interesting things to update myself and to refresh my mind. I Would expect new posts from you .Many, many thanks!
live forex quotes May 17, 2014
Generation Programma Energy scheme, we recognized understanding about contraceptive modes further where to gain them is single of the chief outcomes. We knew we needed to focus on teenager to compose confident they hardly mere experience info, still that they obtain it in a route that creates the most feel to them. help with assignments spss research
kiioiedwq April 9, 2014
That was really a great program for the youth. Thanks for posting that information. keep posting for more. seo for photographers check this out
tyrell January 15, 2014
Noting all the points of your blog and I’ve shared with lot of friends of mine. Just so you know I share the article of those that are interesting, I’m sure you’re getting the picture here. leatherzap.com
nicholasjohn12 January 10, 2014
Thanks for sharing your experience with and insight about plug-ins for moving content. That's really helpful information!hublot Replica
Niklous January 4, 2014
Thanks for making your short post and informative, I am not much of a reader but I really appreciate. celebsclothing
sandracarol January 3, 2014
Well precise blog. It is interesting and not boring when the pics are posted on it. Celebswear.com
josephantony1984 December 31, 2013
excellent initiative! As in more subjects, I think that the so called 'developed world', could learn from these initiatives. In many countries there is still an unacceptable low conscience of the importance of effective birth control in young people, often in the most vulnerable sector of society: the lower class. They could profit from an initiative like this. Hopefully Pathfinder indicates the way for many around the world. Coen Albers, GP, Netherlands
Coen Albers October 25, 2013
This is so interesting, and I am sure will capture more of an audience as the project builds
Julia Kahrl October 17, 2013
Scroll to top