A baseline socioeconomic assessment in the 10 villages within 20 km of Mahale Mountains National Park was performed in June and July 2011. It used a qualitative-quantitative approach with key informant interviews, focus group discussions, and a survey of 487 households. The margin of error for the aggregate results is + or – 5% and for the village-level results + or – 14%. The World Bank poverty framework was used to assess opportunities, empowerment and security indicators. The 10 Mahale villages are home to an estimated 54,000 people and 8,100 households.