One of FOCUS key objectives has been to identify programs and policies that have proved effective in reducing risks faced by youth. Promoting condom use by sexually active adolescents is now accepted as an important dual protection intervention for preventing both undesired pregnancy and transmission of HIV and other sexually transmitted infections (STIs). As interventions are developed for encouraging correct and consistent condom use among youth, practical research techniques must be applied to measure effectiveness. Objective evidence must be gathered to answer the following questions concerning the condom promotion intervention:
- Did it produce a decrease in the number of unprotected high-risk sex acts?
- Did it produce a decrease in the incidence of unplanned pregnancies?
- Did it lead to a decrease in the incidence of STIs?